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Madagascar Coton Headline News

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A brief sampling of historic news stories:

1. Show Club wants to "Go AKC"

2. Dog World Magazine Gets it Wrong about the Coton

3. CD-ROM Coton Book is the definitive Reference

Special mCTCA Coton Heart Health Articles:

February is national Heart Health Month. We believe that prevention and treatment research should extend to everyone -- Cotons included! -- throughout the year. To that end, we present some of the mCTCA's publications on Heart Health. We will add to these in time and update them as necessary...

Please note, these are copyrighted © articles. You are welcome to visit them and read them ad lib, but we'd appreciate that you do not republished them without the permission of the mCTCA. For republishing rights, contact: or (607) 693-2828. Thank you.

4. Why We Recommend Taurine Supplementation [HEART HEALTH 1]

5. How Much Taurine Should be in Dog Food [HEART HEALTH 2]

6. Heart Size and Coton Health [HEART HEALTH 3]


Proud NOT TO BE in the AKC!


Robert Jay Russell, Ph.D.,
Coton de Tulear Club of America President,
(607) 693-2828

November 12, 2009. This month the movers and shakers of a Eurocoton show fancy club (the USACTC) issued a bold statement that they were actively seeking AKC recognition for their dogs. What does this mean for us and for the breed?

First, it must be understood that the American Eurocoton, bred to the French FCI Standard since 1993, is a breed apart from the Coton de Tulear Club of America's Malagasy Cotons, who have been bred to the CTCA Standard since 1976. Thus when the Eurocotons "go AKC," the CTCA's population will NOT be an AKC breed. And that is, we think, a wonderful thing!

For more than three decades the CTCA has opposed AKC recognition. What exactly is "recognition?" It sounds benign enough, doesn't it? In fact, it sounds as if a breed is not "recognized" by the AKC, then it simply isn't a real breed. Nothing could be further from the truth.

AKC recognition means that a particular breed standard and its parent club registered population of dogs is now under the sole control of the AKC, its attorneys, and its professional, corporate management. The parent club that formerly controlled the breed's registry is now relegated to taking their dogs to AKC shows (hence the draw for show fancy people) and very little else. The parent club can do nothing without an AKC attorney's approval and most important, has no say whatsoever in what dogs are registered as members of their breed.

So how onerous is AKC recognition anyway? Very, as it turns out. The corporate management of the AKC has long courted puppy mill and pet shop registration of dogs. Indeed, the AKC management routinely schedules seminars and "breeder education" events with the Hunte Corporation of St. Louis Missouri, the world's largest broker of puppy mill raised puppies. Parent clubs in the AKC have absolutely no say whatsoever about puppy mill and pet shop dogs -- always of extremely dubious ancestry -- populating their formerly pristine, pure breed registry.

Under AKC control, the formerly autonomous parent club can do nothing to prevent wholesale, unsound breeding practices such as rampant inbreeding, or even crossbreeding with other dog breeds. The parent club's loss of supervision and control of its registry is a very big deal.

Ethical parent clubs such as the CTCA work hard to insure that their breeders properly place puppies into good, caring homes. An ethical parent club enacts rules to govern how many times a female can be bred, at what age puppies can be sold, how healthy breeding dogs must be, how many dogs can be owned and bred in one home, under what conditions dogs can be kept (in crates all their lives? NO), etc. But once a breed is "AKC Recognized," all those safeguards are swept away and the dog breed's primary producers become unregulated puppy mills who wholesale poorly bred, poorly raised puppies to pet shops nationwide. The AKC's corporate management is concerned with one thing only: how much revenue will come to the AKC?

To be sure there are amateur members of AKC parent clubs who take their own pampered pets to AKC dog shows to compete against professional dog handlers. These amateurs often sponsor fund raising drives for breed rescues and write up nice brochures saying how one should treat their puppies and so forth. But these nice folks are powerless to control the destiny of their breed once the AKC is given control of their breed's registry. The AKC legally usurps the club's power to issue binding rules and regulations governing breeding, raising, housing and selling of the dogs of their breed.

Why would ANY parent club ever hand over their breed to the proven mismanagement of the AKC? The answer is really a single word: "Westminster."

Virtually every rare breed club is ruled by show fancy people. Many were people who used to breed and show an AKC dog, then they abandoned their former AKC breed to become "experts" with a new rare breed. It is a "big fish in a small pond" syndrome that brings former AKC show people into a rare breed not yet "recognized" by the AKC. Their goal has always been to show their dogs and win "championships." But rare breed championships pale in significance to the glam of heading towards the blue ribbons of the Westminster dog show.

Hence the developmental pipeline: AKC breeder/show person --> rare breed breeder/show person --> rare breed taken to the AKC. Interestingly, it is less a straight line than a circle. After a few years with their formerly rare breed in the AKC, these show folks often complain that "my dog breed has been ruined," they then abandon that breed and search once more for an as yet "unspoiled" rare breed. And so the mandela of breed ruination continues. It is interesting to note that behind the scenes, AKC management has a joking epithet to refer to these show people who take up one breed, abandon it, then take up another. They are called "Five Year Wonders." Makes you seriously wonder how many show fancy people now taking their Eurocotons into the AKC will abandon them in five years.

There is not space enough in this single article to list how so many AKC breeds have been destroyed through bad breeding practices and show fancy excesses, but their ranks are legion. AKC recognition almost assures the destruction of a breed's genome (its gene pool), the loss of its sound behavioral attributes (aggression increases; most AKC breeds have lost their previously desirable working traits, etc.). Worse, AKC recognition virtually assures that the breed will populate pet shops and inevitably shelters, where countless abandoned, unwanted AKC pure breed dogs -- many with behavioral issues -- will be killed.

I am very pleased to tell you that the Coton de Tulear Club of America has steered our population of Malagasy Cotons de Tulear far, far away from the AKC. We will continue to do so. We fully realize that there will be an initial period of public confusion as the show fancy club takes their Eurocotons into the AKC. But that, too, shall pass.

We will continue to educate the public about the AKC, the destructive show fancy, bad breeding practices, and more. And we will continue to maintain the CTCA's registry -- a true record of ancestry -- apart from AKC control. This illustration currently appears at the CTCA's web site ( Others will follow as time permits…


Please also see our much more detailed arguments against AKC recognition in "The Official Coton de Tulear Club, 2nd Edition." To order this reference, click here.

There is considerable information online about the AKC, the Hunte Corporation and its notorious pet store outlets such as PetLand, please see, for example:

The number of internet articles exposing the strong bonds between the AKC and puppy mills is huge (more than 8,000). Read a few, then ask the officers of the USACTC what were they thinking when they voted to take their Eurocotons into the AKC? Their answers, if any, would be amusing.
copyright 2009 Dr. R. J. Russell & the CTCA

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Robert Jay Russell, Ph.D.,
Coton de Tulear Club of America President,
(607) 693-2828

March 13, 2010. As the late Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan once proclaimed: "Everyone is entitled to their own opinions, but they are not entitled to their own facts." The two-and-a-half page March, 2010, Dog World article “Coton de Tulear” by Alice Bixler created an abundance of new "facts" that contradict published reports on the breed. Some of these new "facts" are merely extremely sloppy journalistic mistakes -- the sort that any conscious editor should be able to Google or reference in a dog book and correct. Others are, well, who knows?

The CTCA sent a letter on February 16th to the editors of Dog World in the hopes that they will publish a correction to their article on our breed. Here are the contents of that letter:

Jackie Brown, Editor
Dog World
PO Box 6050
Mission Viejo, CA 92690-6050

RE: "Coton de Tuléar" by Alice Bixler, Dog World, March, 2010

Dear Ms. Brown,

I am writing to bring your attention to many errors in the above referenced article about our breed. I and many others would appreciate corrections published in a forthcoming Dog World. We are particularly concerned because our organization, the Coton de Tulear Club of America, has run advertisements in your magazine for more than thirty years (including a full page in the March, 2010, issue) and the errors contained in your article will cause us many problems in the future. Your 2010 article contradicts established facts—both historic and with respect to the breeds’ standards—as well as articles published by your magazine in the 1980s and 1993.

1. Your article states that "In 1976, a Belgian couple, Helga and Leon Lopatin, relocated to Ashton, Maryland with their Coton and started the United States of America Coton de Tulear Club…" (p. 47) THIS IS FALSE.

CORRECTION: The Lopatins acquired a European Coton in 1992 and founded the United States Coton de Tulear Club [USACTC] in 1993, fully seventeen years after I founded the Coton de Tuléar Club of America [CTCA] and nineteen years after I introduced the breed from Madagascar to the Western Hemisphere.

Ironically, the March, 2010, Dog World issue carried a full page USACTC advertisement and a liner ad demonstrating that the article's chronology was incorrect. The CTCA's advertisement noted that it was founded "in 1976" (p. 71) and the USACTC’s ad stated "...Join USACTC as we celebrate our 17th year" (p.72).

2. Your article states that "In 1974, a young American scientist named Robert Jay Russell was in Madagascar studying those aforementioned lemurs for his doctorate thesis in biology at the University of Maryland…" (p.47). THIS IS FALSE.

CORRECTION: I was in Madagascar studying lemurs from 1973~1975 and obtained a Doctorate in Anatomy/Zoology from Duke University. I first met and became enchanted with the Coton de Tulear breed in 1973. I have never even been at the University of Maryland.

3. Your article states: "Tulear, a busy seaport at the island's southern tip, was renamed Toliara after the country became the independent Republic of Madagascar in 1960" (p.46). THIS IS FALSE.
CORRECTION: "Toliara" was always the Malagasy name for what Western map makers called "Tulear," a sleepy village that grew into a town (ca. 1895) some kilometers to the north of the mouth of the Onilaly River. "Toliara," "Tuléar” [French], and "Tulear" [English] are pronounced the same. Toliara is decidedly not located on the southern tip of the island, but rather the south western quarter.

It was kilometers south of Toliara at Saint Augustins Bay that pirates traded and slavers embarked to the Americas. And it was here that the Coton de Reunion dog breed (now extinct) was likely introduced to the Merina tribesmen that ruled the anchorage. There has never been a true, busy port (a deep water anchorage with docks) at Tulear.

The Malagasy name for the town of Toliara was made official not during independence in 1960, but fifteen years later in 1975.

4. Your article states: "Was the Coton really a pirate’s best friend? Probably not. Although daring pirates may have sailed into Tulear, they favored a spot in the northern part of Madagascar" (p. 46). THIS IS NOT ENTIRELY CORRECT.

CORRECTION: "Toliara" was a slave trading port. It was visited by pirates. And some of the most exotic legends of pirates in the Indian Ocean involve Saint Augustins Bay, where pirate Captain Edward England was left in the care of his fellow pirates there and where Robert Drury was taken slave in 1703. Your author Alice Bixler was correct in noting that pirates "favored a spot in the northern part of Madagascar." That spot was the island of Saint Mary, where pirates established a kingdom in the 17th Century (and where I cleared and photographed pirate graves in 1973).

The author of the Dog World article, Alice Bixler, claims to be a judge "for the AKC, CKC, ARBA, Canine Rarities and IABCA" (p.48). It is therefore quite difficult to understand why she has so greatly misstated the Standard for the Eurocoton (French Coton), given that that is the breed population exhibited in these shows.

5. Your article states that "Coton … means cotton in French, and refers to the breed’s dry and silky coat" (p.46). THIS IS FALSE.

CORRECTION: The Coton de Tulear has always been distinguished on the basis of it dry coat. Any form of silky or shiny or oily coat is a major fault.

6. Your article states that "..the FCI Standard stipulates a weight of 12 to 15 pounds" (p. 48). THIS IS FALSE.

CORRECTION: The FCI states that the weight should be 4 - 6 kg for males [8.8 - 13.3 pounds] and 3.5 - 5 kg for females [7.7 - 11 pounds].

Ms. Bixler's reported weight range for European Cotons — the ones she judges — are 112% to 155% of the allowable FCI European Coton standard!

7. Your article states that "The FCI Standard specifies a height at the withers from 10 to 12 inches; …" (p.48). THIS IS FALSE.

CORRECTION: The FCI states that the height should be 23-25 cms for females [9 - 9.8"] and 26-28 cms for males [10.24 - 11.0"]. The French standard allows, under unspecified circumstances, a deviation of up to 0.78" above or 0.4" below these figures.

Ms. Bixler's reported height for European Cotons — the ones she judges — are 10% above and below the allowable FCI European Coton standard.

Thank you for your attention to these corrections. In the past, Dog World has been used as an important reference by dog writers—the authors who repeat the story of breeds in their articles and books. It is therefore a solemn responsibility to get the facts correct in any article about our breed that may have such wide and important exposure.

Robert Jay Russell, Ph.D.
President, the Coton de Tulear Club of America

cc: Kristopher Wardwell, Managing Editor
April Balotro, Associate Editor
Susan Cheney, Group Editor
Bo Ross, Classified Sales Manager

Dr. Russell continues:

So why would Dog World get this article so very wrong? There are several explanations. The magazine was founded in 1916 by famed dog writer Will Judy. It enjoyed considerable publishing success until it was purchased by Bow Tie, Incorporated, in the 2001. Bow Tie gobbled up virtually all the dog and cat magazines of the time (e.g., Dog World, Dog Fancy, Dogs in Review, Dogs USA, Puppies USA, Cat Fancy, Cats USA, Kitten USA, Popular Cats) as well as a lion's share of all the other pet magazines extant. In general, conglomerate, monopolistic news organizations are attentive to only one thing first and foremost: the bottom line. As such, when taken over in 2001, Dog World purged itself of "unnecessary overhead" and eliminated all back issues of Dog World magazine. Hence the staff editors and management had no ready access to all the articles and advertisements they've published in the past about Cotons or any other breed they ever published an article about. That's like discovering that National Geographic, when publishing an article about Africa, say, has no idea what they ever published about Africa before 2001. So, most articles in Dog World -- about training, about health, about breeds, about history -- unfold as if they are re-inventing the wheel.

Second, the job of an editor is to check an article, not just for grammar and spelling, but for facts. There's no evidence an editor was at work on Alice Bixler's Coton de Tulear article. For example, Ms. Bixler placed Tulear at the very "southern tip of Madagascar." A turn to an inexpensive atlas would have shown this to be untrue. Similarly, while I was the subject of much of this article, neither the author nor anyone from Dog World bothered to pick up the phone, dial the CTCA's HotLine (listed in Dog World and sister publication Dog Fancy advertisements as well as all over the web) and check facts. I would have been happy to tell them I have never been to the University of Maryland, that the USACTC was founded in 1993, not 1976, etc. Sloppy journalism.

So what's the harm? Well, from now on until long after I am dead and gone, a bit of this Dog World's misstatements will be found in future characterizations of the breed on the web, in other articles and in dog books. Articles and books whose authors refer to back magazine articles to glean their "facts," information they believe -- falsely as it happens -- to be well-checked and accurate.

UPDATE: March 13, 2010... We received an immediate resonse from Bo Ross, Bow Ties's Classified Ads Manager. Every year, the CTCA spends approximately $3,000~4,000 in advertisements to that parent company of Dog World. Mr. Ross apologized profusely for the sloppy journalistic mistakes and stated he would contact the editors personally about the propblem. He did, and as noted above, we wrote letters to him him and every editor concerned with Dog World magazine. The result? No response as of this date.
copyright 2010 Dr. R. J. Russell & the CTCA
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Story 3:

The Famous Coton Book as Well as Back issues of the mCTCA Newsletters now sent FREE to mCTCA Breeders to distribute to their Recent Puppy Buyers!!!

June 10th, 2017. As of May 15th, 2017, all mCTCA Breeders will receive a package of CD ROMS to send individualy to recent puppy buyers when the breeder submits their registration forms to the club. No charge. That's more than 1,300 pages of information going to every new mCTCA puppy owner. The notice:



The Book and back newsletters (which helps keep the book up-to-date) are sent within a week of the club's receipt of the breeder's registration forms and they come with bubble wrap mailing envelopes as well. They breeder need only address them to their buyers, include a note (should they choose to), affix a return label and postage and mail them!


Here's a brief outline of the Offical Coton de Tulear Book:

  • CD ROM for Windows and Macintosh computers;
  • Adobe Acrobat 4.0 PDF format (Reader supplied free on the disc);
  • Hundreds of COLOR Pictures, Charts, Diagrams, Maps and Tables;
  • It's easy! Click and read on your monitor; print out what you want;
  • More than 1,000 fact-filled, colorful, informative pages (the largest breed book ever created)
  • Nearly 3 decades of Coton de Tulear information and experience at your fingertips.
  • Contents:

Chapter 1 - The Beginning (35 pages)

Dedication - Rights, Licenses, Fair Use & so forth - Publisher's Information - Foreword to the First Edition by Roger A. Caras - Preface to the Second Edition - Features of this Book, 2nd Edition - A Pavane for Roger Caras - Acknowledgements, 2nd Edition - About the Authors - Preface to the First Edition

Chapter 2 - The Basics (132 pages)

Cheaper by the Pound? - What Pure breed is Right for You? - What is a Coton? - Are You Allergic to Dogs? - Where Should You Buy a Purebred Dog? - Which Gender Should You Choose? - Financial Considerations - Lifetime Commitments - Coton Bonding and Your Family - Cotons and Children - Grooming Requirements - Health and Temperament Issues - Time, Training & Exercise Commitments - Toilet - Space and Safety Requirements - Clean Up Poisons and Hazards - Burrs and Seed Hazards - Cotons Drown in Pools and Hot Tubs - Cotons Can Be Stolen - Multiple Cotons and Cotons and Other Pets - The Breeder's Dilemmas - A Coton: Your Most Rewarding Dependent

How to Acquire a Coton de Tulear - Buying: a Coton From an Importer - Buying: Some Breeders are Highly Unethical - Buying: From a CTCA Breeder - Buying: From a Non-CTCA Breeder - Buying: Questions to Ask a Breeder - Buying: Questions a Breeder will Ask You - Buying: Understanding Contracts and Kennel Policies - Buying: a Sample Contract - Buying: Should You Visit the Breeder Before You Buy? - Buying: the Ordering Process - Buying: the Possibility of an Older, Rescued Coton - Buying: Patience, Patience, Patience - Things to Do After You've Ordered Your Puppy - Talk to Your Breeder - Preparing House and Yard - Finding a Veterinarian & Training Class - Where to Buy Puppy and Dog Supplies - Buying Toys - Buying Kennel (or Crate) - Buying a "Sherpa" Bag - Buying Grooming Supplies - Picking Up Your Puppy

Things To Do Now That You've Got Your Puppy Home: Puppy's First Days at Your Home - Puppy's First Year - An Owner's Feelings About Her Coton

Chapter 3 - An Introduction to the Coton de Tulear Breed (40 pages)

A Description - Health and Longevity - Personality and Intelligence - Type Differences: Malagasy, North American, & European - Mistaken Identities - Demographics

Chapter 4 - History (73 pages)

The Most Exotic Isle on Earth - All the People of the Earth - The Vazaha Arrive - The Breed's Many, Very Ancient Roots - The Coton and the Hunting Dog - The Colonial Era - Conflicting Standards are Created - Cotons Come to North America - The Oakshade Kennel Years - The CTCA is Founded - The Code of Ethics - Cotons On-Line - Coton Conventions - Current CTCA Breeders in North America - CTCA Code of Ethics Breeders - The Cotons of the CTCA - Millennium Coton Club Confusion - The AKC Enters the Fray: Slouching Towards Bethlehem - Canadian Club Chaos - Should Coton Clubs Unite? - an Essay by Laurie Spalding - The CTCA Coton Rescue - A Coton Rescue Gallery

Chapter 5 - Standard (34 pages)

Standards in Conflict - Basic Coton de Tulear Structure - Movement, Structure, Health & Achondroplasia - The CTCA's Coton de Tulear Standard - Some Examples of the CTCA Standard in Use - Controversies About Size, Color, and Tail Carriage - A Standard is Important But . . .

Chapter 6 - Grooming (51 pages)

About Coton Hair - Basic Grooming Tools - Grooming Mats and Removing Dense Hair - Hope Richardson on Mats - Choice of Shampoos - Shampooing - Cleaning the Ears and Around the Eyes - Hope Richardson on Staining of the Coat - Trimming Hair Above the Eyes

Trimming the Hair Near the Anus - Trimming the Hair Around the Foot Pads - To Shave or Puppy Cut or Not - Trimming Nails - Selecting a Groomer - Advanced Grooming for Dog Shows - Grooming Problems -Fleas - Grooming Problems - Ticks

Chapter 7 - Showing (44 pages)

Introduction - How Shows Are Supposed To Work - How Championships are Supposed to Work - What's Wrong with the Show Fancy? - The Abnormal Psychology of Some Exhibitors

The CTCA Official Position on Dog Shows - Another Kind of Show: Canine Good Citizen; Obedience; Agility; Therapy Work

Chapter 8 - Diet (78 pages)

Most Dog Foods are More Grain than Meat - Science Diet brand, a Reasonable Choice - A Food for Every Need and Stage - Adult or Maintenance Formula - Lamb & Rice Formula - Active or High-Energy Formula - Lite Formula - Senior Formula - Prescription Diets - Why Not Ham or Fish? - Avoid Some Table Scraps! - Dry or Canned Food? - The Argument for Dry Food Mixed with Wet - When to Feed - How Much to Feed - Feed Only Fresh Foods - Insects and Dry Food - Natural ("Health") Foods for Your Coton - Preservatives and Cosmetic Adulterants - Quality and Contaminants - Food Allergies? - Prepare Your Own or Buy a Commercial Diet? - The Bottom Line on Natural vs. Commercial Foods - Prepare Your Coton's Diet at Home - The B.A.R.F. Diet - Problems on Switching Diets - The Importance of Clean, Safe Water - Obesity, a Serious Threat to Your Coton's Health - Obesity and Competition for Food - Obesity, Exercise, and Intestinal Health - Vitamin and Mineral Supplements - Treats, Chews and Bones - Kibble (Dog) Bones - Chews - Pig Ear Chews - a Hazard or Ideal Dental Exerciser? - Beef Pizzles - The Fussy Chewer - Foods and Ingestibles to Avoid - Pica - Table Scraps - Keep Your Coton Away from Toxins - Eating Problems: The Fussy Eater - Eating Problems: Coprophagy - Hands Off Approaches - Physiological Causes For Stool Eating? - What About Mad Cow Disease? - Conclusions: Recommendations for a Diet

Chapter 9 - Training (47 pages)

Why You Should Train Your Pup - Go To School - A Straightforward Environment for Training - Learning to Sit - Kennel and Toilet Training

Behavioral Problems: The Shy Coton - Hope Pashos on Shy Cotons - Separation Anxiety - Normal Aggression but Unrealistic Expectations - Unacceptable Aggression - Do Dogs Need Shrinks and Psycho-Drugs? - Don't Give Up

Chapter 10 - Health (144 pages)

Alternative Veterinary Medicine&emdash;Does it Work? - Emergency Care: First Aid - Build Your Own Medical Kit - Inherited Defects - Vaccine Intolerance in Cotons? - Acute Bacterial & Fungal Infections - Heartworm Prevention - Vomiting-a Common Symptom of Many Possible Problems - Diarrhea-a Common Symptom of Many Possible Problems - Vomiting & Diarrhea Diet Therapy - Urinary Tract Problems - Fecal Examinations - Common Intestinal Parasites of Dogs

The Skin: Mechanical Irritation; Larger Parasites; Smaller Parasites; Seborrhea; Old Age Warts (Papillomatosis)

The Blood Chemistry Panel: What it Tells

Endocrine Gland Disorders - Thyroid Disorders

Liver Diseases - Liver Disease&emdash;Supportive Therapy

Kidney Disease in Young Cotons

Cancers: Those noted in Cotons to Date

The Teeth: Deciduous and Permanent; Shedding or Removing Puppy Teeth; Periodontal Disease; Home & Veterinary Dental Care; Acute Dental Crises; Old Age

Eyes: Weeping; Cysts on the Eyelid; Cherry Eye; Corneal Scratches and Ulcers; Cataracts; Aging and Blindness; Cloudy Eyes, and Sensitivity to Sunlight

The Ears

Orthopedic Problems: the Back; the Limb Joint ; Luxating Patellas; Hip Joint Pain and Hip Dysplasia; Damaged Ligaments in the Knee Joint

Umbilical Hernia - Collapsing Trachea - Heart Disease - Geriatrics and the Stages of a Coton's Life - Euthanasia: A Final Act of Love - An Essay: Helping the Living Through the Observation of a Death

Chapter 11a - Genetics: a Primer (28 pages)

Introducing Genetics - The Alleles - Genotype and Phenotype - Determining Genotypes: an Exercise in Probabilities - Tall Cotons - Gene Interactions

Coton Genetics: The Sex Ratio of Cotons - Joint Angulation - Stocky versus Svelte? - Inheritance of Behavioral Traits - Smiling - Bipedal Walking - Licking - Personality

Chapter 11b - Genetics: Color in Cotons (42 pages)

Coloration in Cotons - We know less about color now than we did five years ago! - Color Genes in Cotons - The Color Phenotypes - The White Coton - The Depigmentation Problem in White Cotons - A Biochemical Theory of Color in Cotons - Melanin Blocking and Behavior

Cryptorchidism and White Cotons - The F.C.I.'s Contribution to Depigmentation in the Breed - Diet, Stress, Seasons, Age and Depigmentation - The Black and White Coton

The Tri-color Coton - Matings and the Color of Puppies

Chapter 11c - Genetics: Defects, Inbreeding & the Future (123 pages)

Introduction to Genetic Defects - Tests for Your Coton

1. Dental & Occlusion Disorders - 2. Skeletal & Structural Defects - 3. Organ Disorders - 4. Metabolic Disorders - 5. Cardiac Defects - 6. Reproductive Disorders - 7. Nervous System Disorders (excluding eyes) - 8. Eye Disorders - 9. Behavioral Genetics: Understanding Aggression - 10. Immune System Disorders - 11. Congenital Defects

Understanding Inbreeding - Inbreeding Defined - Good Inbreeding - Bad Inbreeding - Calculating the Degree of Inbreeding - SHORTCUT: Common Coefficients of Inbreeding - Inbreeding: Good and Bad Coton Matings - Genetic Tips for Coton Breeders - The Genetic State of the Coton de Tulear - Breed Management in the Future - Tightening the CTCA Registry - Towards an Open Registry - PHASE 1 - Gather & Publish Information - PHASE 2 - Create Gene Database - Genetic Triage - PHASE 3 & 4 - CTCA Database Opened Wider

Chapter 12 - Breeding (30 pages)

First Read and Ask Questions - Choosing Mates - Estrus (Heat) - Pregnancy - Parturition (Whelping or Delivery) - Puppy Development - Critical Periods in a Pup's Development - The Sale and Departure of the Pups

Chapter 13 - The Future (13 pages)

Exponential Growth - Overbreeding Could Destroy the Coton de Tulear - Would AKC Recognition Be Good for the Breed? - The Pitfalls of Seeking AKC Recognition - Will the Coton de Tulear "Go AKC"?

Chapter 14 - References (107 pages)

Coton Books - Coton Newsletters - Cotons on TV - The Coton in All-Breed Dog Books - General Canine References - Coton Books - Coton Newsletters - Cotons on TV - The Coton in All-Breed Dog Books - General Canine References (Chapters 2 & 3) - Acquiring, Homing, Socializing & Training Your Puppy (Basics, Ch. 2) - Rescue (Chapters 2, Basics, & 4, History) - History (Chapter 4) - Grooming (Chapter 6) - Showing (Chapter 7) - Diet (Chapter 8) - Behavior & Training (Chapter 9) - Health Care (Chapter 10) - Genetics (Chapter 11) - Breeding (Chapter 12) - Useful U.S. Periodicals

Appendix A - Coton Parties (46 pages)

Appendix B - Names of CTCA registered Cotons (21 pages)

Appendix C - The French Coton Standard (13 pages)

Appendix D - The CTCA's Health Test (8 pages)

Appendix E - The CTCA's Code of Ethics (15 pages)

... 1,099 pages of Coton-specific information a mouse click away!

Story 4:

Why We Recommend Taurine Supplementation for Coton Heart Health
Click here

Story 5:

How Much Taurine is Needed in Dog Food?
Click here

Story 6:

Coton Heart Size and Health
Click here


To ORDER the CD ROM Newsletter, please click HERE for an order form.

To check for availability of other CTCA publications, please visit HERE.

A brief sampling of historic news stories:

1. Show Club wants to "Go AKC"

2. Dog World Magazine Gets it Wrong about the Coton

3. CD-ROM Coton Book is the definitive Reference

Special mCTCA Coton Heart Health Articles:

4. Why We Recommend Taurine Supplementation [HEART HEALTH 1]

5. How Much Taurine Should be in Dog Food [HEART HEALTH 2]

6. Heart Size and Coton Health [HEART HEALTH 3]

Where do you want to go from here? Return to: COTON NEWS MAIN MENU

Or, explore another topic: A simplified Introduction to the Breed | Pictures of Cotons | a Brief History of the Breed | The Standard | The Code of Ethics | Opinions and Editorials | Questions and Answers | Breeding & Genetics | How to Acquire a Coton | How To Register Your Coton | Coton Mystery Fiction | Contact the CTCA! | THE Book & the Coton Newsletter | Explore Coton Cyberspace! |
Title and contents of The Madagascar Coton de Tulear News & Information Network © 1996-2015, the Madagascar Coton de Tulear Club of America, all rights reserved. Celebrating the mCTCA's 39th Anniversary in 2015.